Reset home folders

Categories: Blog

GiraffeIT have often been asked how to reset home folders. It can be quite time consuming if done manually on a range of users.

We have found, tested and sucessfully used the following scriptlet. Its a powershell script so dont forget to allow execution.

 

 

#############################################################################
# Script: Repair-HomeFolderPermissions.ps1
# Author: Chris Brown    http://www.flamingkeys.com
# Date: 20/10/2010
# Keywords:
# Comments:
# Pre-Requisites: Full Control over destination folder.
#
# +------------+-----+---------------------------------------------------------+
# |       Date | Usr | Description                                             |
# +------------+-----+---------------------------------------------------------+
# | 20/10/2010 | CJB | Initial Script                                          |
# | 28/09/2011 | CJB | Fixed flags issue                                       |
# +------------+-----+---------------------------------------------------------+
#
# DISCLAIMER
# ==========
# THIS CODE IS MADE AVAILABLE AS IS, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. THE ENTIRE
# RISK OF THE USE OR THE RESULTS FROM THE USE OF THIS CODE REMAINS WITH THE USER.
#############################################################################

# ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
#            Variables
#
# Where is the root of the home drives?
$homeDrivesDir="\uncofhomefolder"
# Report only? ($false = fix problems)
$reportMode = $false
# Print all valid directories?
$verbose = $false
# What domain are your users in?
$domainName = "something.internal"
#
# ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

# Save the current working directory before we change it (purely for convenience)
pushd .
# Change to the location of the home drives
set-location $homeDrivesDir

# Warn the user if we will be fixing or just reporting on problems
write-host ""

if ($reportMode) {
 Write-Host "Report mode is on. Not fixing problems"
} else {
 Write-Host "Report mode is off. Will fix problems"
}

write-host ""

# Initialise a few counter variables. Only useful for multiple executions from the same session
$goodPermissions = $unfixablePermissions = $fixedPermissions = $badPermissions = 0
$failedFolders = @()

# For every folder in the $homeDrivesDir folder
foreach($homeFolder in (Get-ChildItem $homeDrivesDir | Where {$_.psIsContainer -eq $true})) {

 # dump the current ACL in a variable
 $Acl = Get-Acl $homeFolder

 # create a permission mask in the form of DOMAINUsername where Username=foldername
 #    (adjust as necessary if your home folders are not exactly your usernames)
 $compareString = "*" + $domainName + "" + $homeFolder.Name + " Allow  FullControl*"

 # if the permission mask is in the ACL
 if ($Acl.AccessToString -like $compareString) {

 # everything's good, increment the counter and move on.
 if ($verbose) {Write-Host "Permissions are valid for" $homeFolder.Name -backgroundcolor green -foregroundcolor white}
 $goodPermissions += 1

 } else {
 # Permissions are invalid, either fix or report
 # increment the number of permissions needing repair
 $badPermissions += 1
 # if we're in report mode
 if ($reportMode -eq $true) {
 # reportmode is on, don't do anything
 Write-Host "Permissions not valid for" $homeFolder.Name -backgroundcolor red -foregroundcolor white
 } else {
 # reportmode is off, fix the permissions
 Write-Host "Setting permissions for" $homeFolder.Name -foregroundcolor white -backgroundcolor red
 # Add the user in format DOMAINUsername
 $username = $domainName + "" + $homeFolder.Name
 # Grant the user full control
 $accessLevel = "FullControl"
 # Should permissions be inherited from above?
 $inheritanceFlags = "ContainerInherit, ObjectInherit"
 # Should permissions propagate to below?
 $propagationFlags = "None"
 # Is this an Allow/Deny entry?
 $accessControlType = "Allow"
 try {
 # Create the Access Rule
 $accessRule = New-Object System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule($username,$accessLevel,$inheritanceFlags,$propagationFlags,$accessControlType)

 # Attempt to apply the access rule to the ACL
 $Acl.SetAccessRule($accessRule)
 Set-Acl $homeFolder $Acl
 # if it hasn't errored out by now, increment the counter
 $fixedPermissions += 1
 } catch {
 # It failed!
 # Increment the fail count
 $unfixablePermissions += 1
 # and add the folder to the list of failed folders
 $failedFolders += $homeFolder
 }
 } #/if
 } #/if
} #/foreach

# Print out a summary

Write-Host ""
Write-Host $goodPermissions "valid permissions"
Write-Host $badPermissions "permissions needing repair"
if ($reportMode -eq $false) {Write-Host $fixedPermissions "permissions fixed"}
if ($unfixablePermissions -gt 0) {
 Write-Host $unfixablePermissions "ACLs could not be repaired."
 foreach ($folder in $failedFolders) {Write-Host " -" $folder}
}

# Cleanup
popd
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